Thomas gray suffered from being born in unhappy and unfortunate family in which his father was harsh and violent.

His life was surrounded with losing many important people in his life, like seeing his mother long sufferings and he lost all of his siblings because of his father’s cruelty. Several happenings had cause Gray stress and led him to misery. His beloved aunt died and his childhood friend almost killed but able to survived. This unforgettable events affect how he thinks for his life and anticipates his own death. He desires to determine the aspects of life, and questions his own self if there is someone who would mourn over his death or even remember his existence when he dies. He always meditates how people survived their life and it made him to compose a line and began to write to answer all of his questions in mind. His life affects the mood and theme of his literary piece to commemorate all of the dead people, and to serve this poem as a remembrance of their greatness. This poem was written to honor the life and death of his closest friend, Richard West. And it’s like telling us to accept our fate, facing the end of our life when time came since it is unavoidable, and everyone are equal in death even your famous or not.)

2. How does the poem describe sorrow? Support you answer with a text from the poem.

(The poem describes sorrow wherein the poet narrates the people who sleeps on bed below the ground. They were sleeping soundly that no one could wake them up even the sound of the cock’s morning call or the chirping of the birds. It’s sorrowful to know that they’re were dead and no one could remember their existence even their own family or beloved except on the day that was used to memorialize them. They were great people when they are still alive even they are only poor. They spend most of their time working hard to provide the needs of their families and the poet sadly asks its readers not to belittle their simple life and work. Ambitious and those people who earn bigger amount of money thinks that living life doing hard works and gets lesser wages are nothing and very simple. But all of those people who used to live in that village experience also to live with their lives in bliss or feel pleasure with small things and people like them also have sorrows in life. Everyone have sorrows in life and we cannot avoid it. Poor or rich people experience sorrows of losing family, sorrows of love, sorrows of fearful hope and sorrows of being not remembered anymore by someone you love when you die. It was supported by a line from the poem,” Let not Ambition mock their useful toil, Their homely joys, and destiny obscure; Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile, The short and simple annals of the Poor.”)

3. How did the love of nature manifest in the poem? Cite a line/lines from the poem to support your answer.

The setting of the poem as well as the mood go, it was evening wherein the church bells are ringing telling us that the day already ends. Nature was evident in the poem when the poet describes that the shepherds and their cattle went home after working hard for a very long day. It only shows that the place is rural or in a countryside wherein most of the animals are scattered and presented. Since the sun is setting down, darkness filled and surrounded the whole place. The environment was peaceful and quite except for the owl whose tootling, the buzzing beetles and other sounds of insects. Then, the poet is standing alone in the graveyard near their village thinking and imagining the lives of the dead people who are peacefully sleeping there while feeling the comfort of nature that gives him. The poet seems love the nature since it gives us soothing mood and helps us to uplift our emotions. Whenever you’re feeling down, nature could always assure us that we are not alone in facing our problems and negativities in life, they cheer us and helps us to lost in wandering the beauty of other things.

4. What poetic device was used by the author at the end of the second stanza?

Poetic devices are a careful use of words and sounds to express a meaning. They add spices to the piece and used to attract attention to the readers. The poetic device that was used by the author at the end of the second stanza is metaphor. “And drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds;”, is an example of metaphor, wherein it is cliché that the drowsy tinklings can silent the distant folds. Drowsy tinklings are too noisy to hear and it could overshadow the distant folds. The choices of words are powerful and the poet are able to compare the drowsy tinklings to the distant folds.

5. What kind of life did the villagers live in the poem? Support your answer with a text from the poem.

The life of the villagers in the poem were very simple. They do harvesting and plowing just to provide their needs since the setting of the poem is pastoral. The people who live in the village were great people, they do not harm others just to drag theirselves up. These villagers do not want to involve in any deceitful act and treason.  They were honest people and only loves to live their lives in a simple way. They were true to theirselves, and wants to isolate themselves from people who used to live in the comfort of their kingdoms to avoid fights and noises. These people were used to live with peace and honesty and wants to stay that way for the rest of their lives. It was supported with a line from, “Their lot forbade: nor circumscrib’d alone, Their growing virtues, but their crimes confin’d; Forbade to wade through slaughter to a throne, And shut the gates of mercy on mankind,”.

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