Monday, 6 Apr 2020

Philippine Civil Service Examination Reviewer Content for Professional and Sub-Professional- Vocabulary

Civil Service Exam Reviewer for Professional and Sub-Professional

A rich vocabulary is both a great asset and a great joy. When you have an extensive vocabulary, you can provide precise, vivid descriptions; you can speak more fluently and with more confidence; you can understand more of what you read; and you can read more sophisticated texts. A good vocabulary can enrich your personal life, help you achieve academic success, and give you an edge over others in the workplace.


  1. “Bundle up,” said Aunt Margaret. “I don’t want you getting sick

and coming down with ammonia.”

The underlined word is a(n)

  1. malapropism.
  2. solecism.
  3. oxymoron.
  4. harangue.


  1. Jack pleaded, “Can I go on the rollercoaster one more time, Mom?

Please? I really, really want to. Pretty please? I’ll do extra chores this week. Please?”

This little boy is

  1. gainsaying his mother.
  2. importuning his mother.
  3. disparaging his mother.
  4. censuring his mother.


  1. “You are hopeless! I cannot believe your files are in such disorder,”

the irritable supervisor shouted.

This remark is

  1. effusive.
  2. sententious.
  3. bombastic.
  4. opprobrious.


  1. “Come on, Mom! You’re not being fair! Why can’t I stay out until

midnight just like my friends? I’m old enough,” stated Marissa emphatically.

This teenager is

  1. remonstrating her mother.
  2. importuning her mother.
  3. gainsaying her mother.
  4. being sententious.




  1. “Oh, wow! I just can’t believe it! I’m so excited! This is the best

thing ever! I am very, very happy,” the new homeowner declared.

This remark is

  1. bombastic.
  2. eloquent.
  3. effusive.
  4. sardonic.


  1. The cranky old coach yelled, “You call that a pitch? I’ve seen

rookies with better aim.”

This remark is

  1. derisive.
  2. sententious.
  3. voluble.
  4. effusive.


  1. “We’d only just met the host when Kenny told her that her house

desperately needed a makeover,” Janine said. “I was so embarrassed!”

Kenny’s comment was a(n)

  1. malapropism.
  2. solecism.
  3. oxymoron.
  4. platitude.


  1. “Well, son, I’ve got news for you: You win some, you lose some.

Besides, it’s not whether you win or lose that counts. It’s how you play the game,” my old-fashioned dad said.

This remark is

  1. sententious.
  2. sardonic.
  3. eloquent.
  4. derisive.



  1. “They’ve labeled the poster an authentic reproduction,” the

antique dealer said. “That’s like calling a book on the bestseller list a new classic.”

The underlined words are examples of a(n)

  1. malapropism.
  2. oxymoron.
  3. platitude.
  4. repartee.


  1. “No, that’s not how it happened,” the honor student said. “Julianna

is lying. Winston didn’t steal her idea; she took it from him.”

This speaker is

  1. censuring.
  2. disparaging.
  3. gainsaying.
  4. mincing.


Read the following sentences carefully. Decide which of the words from the following list best fills the blank in the sentence. Write your answer in the blank. (If you do not own this book, please write your answer on a separate piece of paper.)

bombastic                                mince

censure                                    platitude

disparage                                  repartee

eloquent                                   sardonic

harangue                                  voluble


  1. Darlene found that Jonathan’s remarks ________(ed) her so much  that their relationship was at stake. His critical comments were unkind.


  1. When he discovered the error, Chesterton lashed out at Watkins.
    His ________ lasted for several minutes and shocked everyone in
    my department!


  1. ABC Paper has been polluting our river for the last 20 years and has been keeping it from the public. This is not just wrong, it’s criminal. ABC Paper is guilty of unforgivable sins against the environment and against the people of our state and deserves the most severe ________.


  1. Because she is so ________, she has no trouble meeting new people or talking in front of a crowd.


  1. I wish Edna would be more straightforward. She’s always ________(ing) her words, as if she is afraid she will hurt my feelings.


  1. What a(n) ________ essay! It is forceful and fluent with powerful and precise word choice throughout the text.


  1. Caleb’s reply was ________, as usual. He can’t seem to say anything without mockery.


  1. Titus tried to insult Isabel, but she tactfully deflected the insult with a witty ________.


  1. She thought she was offering some real advice, but all she could give me was some ________(s) like “tomorrow’s another day” and “good things come to those who wait.”


  1. How could our humble, soft-spoken president make such a ________ statement to the newcomer in the group?


Read More: Comprehensive Review Word Vocabulary


Answer Keys

  1. a. A malapropism is the comical misuse of words, especially those similar in sound. Here, the speaker says, “ammonia” instead of “pneumonia.”
  2. b. To importune is to ask incessantly or beg persistently.
  3. d. An opprobrious remark is one that is scornful and expresses contempt.
  4. a. To remonstrate is to say or plead in protest or objection. Remonstrate can also mean to scold or reprove.
  5. c. An effusive remark expresses emotions in an unrestrained or excessive way.
  6. a. A derisive comment expresses scorn and ridicules or mocks something or someone.
  7. b. A solecism is a mistake in the use of language or a violation of good manners or etiquette.
  8. a. A sententious reply is one that is full of maxims and proverbs offered in a self-righteous manner. Sententious can also mean expressing oneself tersely.
  9. b. An oxymoron is a figure of speech containing a seemingly contradictory combination of words. Authentic reproduction and new classic are oxymorons.
  10. c. To gainsay is to deny, contradict, or declare false; to oppose.
  11. To disparage is to belittle, to speak of in a derogatory way.
  12. A harangue is a tirade; a long, scolding or bombastic speech.
  13. A censure is a rebuke or expression of strong criticism and disapproval.
  14. A voluble person talks a great deal and with immense ease.
  15. To mince means to say something more delicately or indirectly for  the sake of politeness or decorum. It can also mean to chop into very small pieces or to walk or speak affectedly.
  16. Eloquent means expressing strong emotions or arguments in a powerful, fluent, and persuasive manner.
  17. Sardonic means sarcastic, mocking scornfully.
  18. A repartee is a quick, witty reply or the ability to make such replies.
  19. A platitude is a trite or banal statement, especially one uttered as if it were new.
  20. Bombastic means speaking pompously, with inflated self-importance.


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