Monday, 6 Apr 2020

Philippine Civil Service Examination Reviewer Content for Professional and Sub-Professional- Word Vocabulary

Philippine Civil Service Examination Reviewer Content for Professional and Sub-Professional- Word Vocabulary

Whether you want to improve your vocabulary for a standardized test, learn more effective communication skills to use in the workplace, or be more articulate in social situations, the 501 questions in this book will help you achieve your goal.

1. Which of the following traits is most desirable in a roommate?
a. bumptious
b. personable
c. pretentious
d. puerile

2. Which of the following traits is least desirable in a roommate?
a. diffident
b. gregarious
c. sanguine
d. surly

3. Which kind of person would most likely make the best waiter?
a. someone who is blithe
b. someone who is overweening
c. someone who is perfidious
d. someone who is punctilious

4. Which kind of person would most likely make the best spy?
a. someone who is capricious
b. someone who is craven
c. someone who is perfidious
d. someone who is sagacious

5. Which kind of person would most likely make the best judge?
a. someone who is diffident
b. someone who is sagacious
c. someone who is sanguine
d. someone who is saturnine

6. Which kind of person would most likely make the best security
guard?
a. someone who is bumptious
b. someone who is circumspect
c. someone who is gregarious
d. someone who is perfidious

7. Which kind of person would most likely be the best companion
when you are feeling sad?
a. someone who is bumptious
b. someone who is irascible
c. someone who is puerile
d. someone who is sanguine

8. Which character trait would you least like to see in a soldier?
a. craven
b. overweening
c. pretentious
d. surly

9. Which character trait would you least like to see in a judge?
a. capricious
b. circumspect
c. personable
d. punctilious

10. Which character trait would you least like to see in a supervisor?
a. blithe
b. bumptious
c. overweening
d. petulant

 

For the following questions, choose the person who would most likely have the characteristic or attitude noted in italics.

11. blithe
a. a soldier in combat
b. a young child in a playground
c. the mother of a very sick child
d. a surgeon during an operation

12. petulant
a. someone who throws a tantrum because his or her soup was not warm enough
b. someone who is going on an important job interview
c. someone who needs to earn a little extra money
d. someone who doesn’t like being with other people

 

13. puerile
a. an infant
b. a ten year old who has never been given responsibility
c. a thirty-four year old with too much responsibility
d. an elderly woman

14. irascible
a. someone who just found out he has a rare disease
b. someone who just inherited a farm with 200 acres
c. someone who has just bumped into an old acquaintance, whom she would rather not have seen, from high school
d. someone waiting for his airplane to take off, only to be told four
hours later that his flight has been canceled and his luggage has
been lost

15. saturnine
a. someone who just won the lottery
b. someone who has just fallen in love
c. someone who has just had a loved one end a relationship
d. someone who is sleeping

 

Read More: Comprehensive Review Word Vocabulary

 

Match the personality traits and attitudes listed in Column A to the descriptions in Column B.
Column A Column B
At a party, a ________ person would most likely be:

16. bumptious
17. churlish
18. diffident
19. gregarious
20. pretentious

a. sitting alone in a corner.
b. talking comfortably with a large group of people.
c. trying to impress others by telling them everything he or she knows about any given subject.
d. making ill-mannered and rude remarks.
e. talking condescendingly to others.

 

 

Answer Key

1. b. Personable means pleasing in appearance or manner; this is a
desirable quality in a roommate.

2. d. Surly means bad-tempered or unfriendly in a way that suggests
menace; this is a very undesirable quality in a roommate.

3. d. A punctilious person is conscientious and precise, and pays great
attention to details, especially in matters of etiquette.

4. c. A perfidious person is treacherous and dishonest.

5. b. A sagacious person shows good judgment and is wise.

6. b. A circumspect person is cautious and watchful.

7. d. A sanguine person is cheerful and optimistic.

8. a. Craven means cowardly.

9. a. Capricious means impulsive and unpredictable; a judge should be
consistent in interpreting and applying the law.

10. c. An overweening supervisor would be presumptuously arrogant
and overbearing.

11. b. Blithe means light-hearted and carefree. Only a young child in a
playground is likely to be blithe.

12. a. Someone who throws a tantrum because his or her soup was not
warm enough is likely to be petulant; unreasonably or easily
irritated.

13. b. A ten year old who has never been given responsibility is likely
to be puerile; childish and immature.

14. d. Someone who has been waiting hours for a flight that is
eventually canceled and whose luggage is lost is likely to be irascible; irritable and hot-tempered.

15. c. Saturnine means gloomy and sullen. Choice c is the only choice
that presents circumstances that would cause someone to be
gloomy.
16. e. A bumptious person would most likely be talking
condescendingly to others.

17. d. A churlish person would make ill-mannered and rude remarks.

18. a. A diffident person would be shy and would most likely be sitting
alone in a corner.
19. b. A gregarious person would be seeking and enjoying the company
of others, and would most likely be talking comfortably with a
large group of people.
20. c. A pretentious person would be showy and would most likely be
trying to impress others by telling them everything he or she
knows about any given subject.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *