Principle of Assessment in Teaching
The principle of assessment which make use of tools for assessment data gathering and multiple sources of assessment data.
It is not pedagogically sound to rely on just one source of data gathered by only one assessment tool. Consider multiple intelligence and learning styles. Which assessment tools did Resource Teacher use? The teacher uses documentary portfolio, exams, oral presentations, written reports, quizzes and many more.
Learners must be given feedback about their performance. Feedback must be specific. “Good work!” is positive feedback and is welcome but actually is not a very good feedback since it is not specific. A more specific better feedback is “You observed rules on subject-verb agreement and variety of sentences. Three of your commas were misplaced.” Give examples of comments of teacher on students work/answer such as “Very Good!”, “Perfect work or excellent work”, “Okay, next time please review your; lesson because only few got the highest score” and “excellent work”.
Assessment should be on real-world application and not on out-of-context drills. The teacher asks the student to make their own poem. The activity is an individual work in which they will think of their own theme. Emphasize on the assessment of higher-order thinking. This is done by the teacher and students’ discussion using HOW questions. Students are encouraged to ask questions and other students will answer it. Emphasize on self-assessment. (Assessment as learning). Example for this is when after quiz, the students will check their own paper with honesty or in rating themselves using assessment rubrics.
We assess what we value and value what we assess. What should I do to make assessment worthwhile? To make assessment worthwhile, consider the following tips: Don’t rush. Assessment yielding fair and reasonably accurate and truthful results to take some time and thought to choose or create. Aim for assessments and questions that are crystal clear. If students find questions difficult to understand, they may answer what they think is the spirit of question rather than the question itself, which may not match your interest. Guard against unintended bias, a fair and unbiased assessment tool describes activities that are equally familiar to all and uses words that have common meanings to all.
As a variety of people with diverse perspective to review assessment, tools before implementing them. Try out assessment tools with a small group of students before using them on a large scale. Inform students if the nature, purpose and results of each assessment. Protect the privacy and dignity of those who are assessed. Give students ample opportunities to learn the skills needed for the assessment. Then evaluate work fairly, equitably and consistency.
Valuing the Assessment is important because of all the decisions you will make about students when teaching and caring for them. Today’s students need to know not only the basic reading and arithmetic skills, but also skills that will allow them to face a world that is continually changing.
They must be able to think critically, to analyze, and to make inferences. Changes in the skills base and knowledge our students need require new learning goals; these new learning goals change the relationship between assessment and instruction. Teachers need to take an active role in making decisions about the purpose of assessment and the content that is being assessed. Mainly, assessment affects decisions about grades, placement, advancement, instructional needs, curriculum, and, in some cases, funding.
Principle of assessment should be on real-world application and not on out-of-context drill. Research on GRASP of G. Wiggins and Jay McTighe. Construct a real-world performance assessment task. Goal: The student’s goal is to make a slogan and poster. Role: The students will be the artist in making slogan and poster.
The application of principle of assessment just like in audience: The audience will be their classmates, adviser-teacher, supervisor-teacher, principal and other school Situation: The students will create unique slogan and poster base on their own imagination. The students will draw a scenario for poster and write a persuasive, interesting phrase for slogan. Product, Performance and Purpose: To develop their skills in drawing, combining colors, and imagining concepts.