Statutes and Code on Journalism

What is the importance of having the legal basis for campus journalism?

– it is important to know and understand of having legal basis for campus journalism to provides us foundation on how to expand our knowledge, understanding and on applying various principles and rules in gathering and writing news inside the school premises. It helps us to avoid any conflicts while seeking information to write.

2. Explain what is libel?

– Libel involves writing and publishing a false statement that defame and denigrate people publicly. It also causes people to have a bad opinion of someone by publishing some blasphemous, treasonable and obscene writings with pictures attached to it. Libel is defaming others trough written documents while slander defame through spoken or orally. There are various ways of committing libel. A person may commit this sinful act through writing, speaking, printing, publishing, engraving, performing various arts like theatrical exhibition and many more. Under Article 353 of the Philippines Revised Penal Code, libel is defined as “a public and malicious imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status or circumstance tending to cause dishonor, discredit or contempt of a natural or juridical person, or to blacken the memory of one who is dead.”

3. Differentiate libel from cybercrime.

– Libel is under the Article 353 of the Philippines Revised Penal Code that punished those who commit this act through writing and publishing false statement that contains blasphemy or defamation to someone and causes public humiliation resulting to serious human rights breakdown. While cybercrime was recognized and the Congress immediately enacted Republic Act 10175, also known as the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012. This law punished those who commit cybercrime through doing offenses against confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer data systems, computer-related offenses, such as computer forgery and falsification, fraud and identity theft, and content-related offenses, such as cybersex, child pornography and, most significantly, cyber libel.

4. Cite an instance when an act is libelous?

– An instance wherein an act is libelous is when a certain person or editor writes, print, and publish his/her written document that contains false accusations towards someone. Aside from that, if the business manager of a daily newspaper was proven as guilty, then he will be facing the same charges for defamation. All the people who involves and participates in publishing that publication will also deal with the consequences. If a certain defamation happens in television, it is considered as libel. For example, a reporter delivered his or her report that contains false statements against a given celebrity just to get publicity but was proven a big lie, then he or she will be subjected in committing libel.

5. How can a journalist avoid this cases filed against them? List down 3 or more suggestions and explain each.

– In order for the journalist to avoid this cases filed against them, first, they should follow the tenets of journalism and their principles wherein they should be responsible in reporting and gathering facts at all times. Second, they have to investigate thoroughly a certain serious issues to avoid careless reporting and provide supporting evidences to back up their statement. And lastly, journalist should strive hard to be as accurate as possible so that you can evade conflicts and be safe.

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