STYLISTICS AND DISCOURSE ANALYSIS

Grammatical units that are relevant to a stylistic analysis at the syntactic level are morphemes, words, phrases, clause and sentence.

Morpheme is the smallest unit of a language that cannot be further divided for example, in, come, -ing. Words are used to create a sentence with meaningful meaning. Phrase are a small group of words standing together as a conceptual unit typically forming a component of a clause. Clause is a group of words which contains subject and predicate. While sentences are a set of words that is complete in itself which contains subject and predicate that conveys statements, and many more.  Morphemes is the smallest unit while sentences are the largest unit of a language. In order to do a stylistic analysis at the syntactic level, you should be familiar with the group (or phrase), the clause and the sentence, among other relevant syntactic elements.

2. Mention and explain the elements of the English clause.

Clause is one of the units of grammar and much higher in rank than group or phrases. A group of words that contains a subject and predicate. It is used to deliver a statement or information. There are two types of clause, the dependent and independent clause. A clause that can stand on her own is called independent clause while a clause that cannot stand on its own is called dependent clause. Here are the elements of the English clause: Subject (S), Predicator (P), Object (O), Complement (C), and Adjunct (A). The subject is the word denoting that of which something is predicated. It refers describes to a someone who does the action depending on the verb that is used. Predicator is a part of a sentence which expresses what is said of the subject and that usually consists of a verb with/out objects, complements, or adverbial modifiers. Objects denotes person or thing most intimately affected by the action or state denoted by the predicator. Complement can look superficially like an object (both can be NPs). But in terms of meaning, it pro-vides a definition or characterization of the subject or object. Objects and complements normally follow the predicator. And adjunct fills out the clause by adding extra circumstantial information of various kinds, which may relate to time, location, speaker’s attitude and many more.

3. What is the structure of the English Nominal Group?

Nominal is simply a noun and very important group in the English language. English Nominal Group structure comprises the modifiers (m) which is the element that appears before the headword, the headword (h) is usually a noun, and the qualifier (q) which is the element that occurs after the headword.

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